Category Archives: Bee Breeding Corner

Dust off your pollen-baskets…

…because spring is definitely here!

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Witch Hazel

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First we had Witch Hazel. I have never seen honeybees forage on it personally; here, it blooms in January, so maybe they are on it, but I am cozy inside during the greatly reduced foraging hours of winter. Is it a bee plant in our region? Not sure. The second pic is of a redder flowering sort that is less commonly planted.

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Then the hazelnut trees bloomed! As I write, they are just finishing up.  As a wind-pollinated plant, hazelnut does not rely on pollinators, but bees surely benefit from this great source of early season pollen.   When the hazelnut trees bloom, that is when I know it’s time to start finding all the bee stuff again.  The wintertime bee reading goes away, and I start rummaging around for the random sacks of pollen patties kicking around in the freezer.  Actually, this picture is reminding me of the several glorious days we had in February.  The sun will come out again, Vancouver! It will happen.  (I just checked my weather app, hoping for a clear spot to do some hive checks.  Perfect forecast, if your bees like to wear rubber boots! That would be so many rubber boots.)

Last week, we were able to get out to our bee yard in Surrey, and do some solid hive assessment.  In an effort to be more systematic about how I select my breeding stock, I tried out a system where I assigned every frame a score of 20, so that each side is worth 10. Then, as I was going through the hive and cleaning up the frames and the bottom board, I kept two running totals in my head, one for brood, one for honey.  So, if a frame was full of honey on one side, I counted 10 honey. And, if a frame had patch of brood filling about half the side, I counted 5 honey. And so on, keeping a running total through all 8 frames.  Eventually, I’d end up with a score like, 22 brood, 45 honey.  I did this with all my potential breeders, and it was interesting to see how the numbers told a story that I could never capture by saying Hive 7a has “good” brood.  For example, if a hive had a higher brood score than honey, that indicated a hive that would go hungry very quickly if unable to forage (for example, if your long range forecast includes rain for every single day).  And there were hives that had maybe the same honey score, but a much smaller brood area to support.

I also gave each a rating for gentleness, pollen stores (are they storing it in a nice ring around the brood), and estimated the number of frames of bees.

It’s not a perfect system, mainly because of operator error — it’s kinda tricky for me to keep two running totals going simultaneously in my brain, especially when decimal points are involved! And, I have to tell you, the last few hives, when I was most tired, went the slowest, just because I lost count a couple times.  And, anytime someone asks me a question while I am counting?  GAME OVER! But, I think even if not perfectly accurate, I hope it will give me a pretty good picture of what my bees have done, and what the baseline was that they started with.

I plan to do this same level of assessment in 1 month, just before the beginning of April, and compare; I’m hoping this method will make it so that I can see how individual hives have built their populations, and how each has used their stored resources. Have they grown slowly but kept honey in the bank? Or have they turned all resources available into more bees? Then I can select my breeders based on that information, in combination with results from our hygienic behavior tests.

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